Saturday, June 30, 2012

Saturday, June 30, 1934

Slept later this a.m. In evening Newt and I went down to Mart's. Rita Mae gave me some fireworks. Daddy and Wayne went fishing.

SA Leader Ernst Roehm

Great Blood Purge in Germany - June 30, 1934
To preempt a plot against the National Socialist regime, Chancellor Adolf Hitler summarily executed 77 people, many of whom had been significant leaders of the party. This drastic move was directed against the more radical, social revolutionary wing of the National Socialist party who advocated the incorporation of the Storm Troops (party forces) into the Wehrmacht and called for radical property redistribution. Leading victims included General Kurt von Schleicher, Ernst Roehm (pictured above), Gregor Strasser, and Erich Klausener.

Friday, June 29, 2012

Friday, June 29, 1934

Drove down to Mart's in afternoon. Then they came up here after supper. I sure didn't feel good.

Lobby Card for The Thin Man

June 29, 1934: The Thin Man, starring William Powell and Myrna Loy, launches a series of six films MGM will make featuring Dashiell Hammett's characters.

Thursday, June 28, 2012

Thursday, June 28, 1934

Ate breakfast in Arley, then stopped at Ollie and Joe's. Went down to Mart's in p.m.

Thumbnail picture of FDR
U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt

On June 28, 1934, FDR delivered one of his "fireside chats"
mentioning his desire to establish a system of social insurance,
a system that later becomes known as Social Security.

Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Wednesday, June 27, 1934

Daddy, Mother and I went up home (Clay Center, Kansas). Started at about 1:30 p.m. Stopped at a Manhattan tourist camp. Found a blanket.

Vintage 1930s Motel Cabins Electric Sign. Ask seller a question
1930s electric sign advertising tourist cabins

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Tuesday, June 26, 1934

Ironed. Went to town with Stewarts. Got new shoes and anklets. Talking a lot about going up home (Clay Center, Kansas).

best" in the 1930s - Gun
380 Savage automatic pistol similar to the one gangster
Alvin Karpis liked to steal

The National Firearms Act ("NFA"), 72nd Congress, Sess. 2, ch. 757, 48 Stat. 1236, enacted on June 26, 1934, currently codified as amended as 26 U.S.C. ch. 53, is an Act of Congress that, in general, imposes a statutory excise tax on the manufacture and transfer of certain firearms and mandates the registration of those firearms. The Act was passed shortly after the repeal of Prohibition. The NFA is also referred to as Title II of the Federal firearms laws. The Gun Control Act of 1968 ("GCA") is Title I.

Monday, June 25, 2012

Monday, June 25, 1934

I still have a bad cold. Mother washed. Nadine and Ruth Ray were down. Got some pictures of Jean Harlow.

The Girl from Missouri is a 1934 American romantic comedy-drama film starring Jean Harlow and Franchot Tone. The movie was written by Anita Loos and directed by Jack Conway.

Interestingly, Harlow really was from Missouri - Kansas City, to be exact!

Sunday, June 24, 2012

Sunday, June 24, 1934

Didn't go to church or Sunday school. Daddy and Mr. Richards caught three fish and we had them for dinner. Mrs. Raifert and us went to Troost Lake.
Lakeside Hospital
The old Lakeside Hospital at 2801 Flora, overlooking Troost Lake from the southeast side, is pictured on a post card published in the early 1930s.

Saturday, June 23, 2012

Saturday, June 23, 1934

Sure hot today. I didn't feel very good. Daddy and Mr. Richards went fishing this evening.

overt political gain.

June 23, 1934: Disputes between the Italian and Albanian governments led to Premier Benito Mussolini sending Italian warships to Durazzo. The sudden appearance of the Italian fleet off the coast frightened the Albanian government into submission. As a result, the Italians strengthened their control over the Albanian army and Italians received the right to colonize certain areas of Albania.

Friday, June 22, 2012

Friday, June 22, 1934

I went swimming today with Pauline, Nadine, Sugar and Betty. Betty Smith moved today to 2317 Prospect.

Images. John Dillinger
June 22, 1934 - John Dillinger's Birthday

John Dillinger celebrates his 31st birthday with Polly Hamilton, a woman he met at the "Barrel of Fun", at the French Casino nightclub in Chicago. (Poor Billie Frechette is doing time for harboring.) The FBI sends a birthday present for Dillinger…on this day he is the first criminal in history to be named “Public Enemy Number One” on the FBI’s most wanted list.

Thursday, June 21, 2012

Thursday, June 21, 1934

Mother and I went to town. She got shoes and some other things, and I got a pair of hose and some make-up stuff.

days of the previous

The gradual emancipation of women through the 1920s brought with it an independence of action, and there is no bolder way to express your femininity than with make-up. Without a doubt, the art of women’s make-up took off in strides during the 1930′s with the help of Hollywood glamour and the new rage of full color fashion magazines. Max Factor and Elisabeth Arden were becoming household names.The 1930s woman’s makeup look was much more refined than in the 1920s.

Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Wednesday, June 20, 1934

Went street car riding. Went swimming with Pauline today. Sure is hot. Today was Pauline's birthday.

Community Christian Church (KCMO)
Community Christian Church
46th and Main Streets, Kansas City, Missouri
Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright

The “Steeple of Light” illuminated beams are visible Fridays, Saturdays
and Sundays from dark until midnight.

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Tuesday, June 19, 1934

Today was Helen's birthday. She is 12 years old. Went to Swope Park. I caught 3 fish. Made ice cream.

This is a manual or
This is a manual or "old-fashioned" ice cream maker. The milk mix is surrounded by ice and mixed by turning the handle until it freezes gently.

In the 1930s, homemade ice cream became a big trend in kitchens across America because the “mechanical icebox”, or refrigerator, began to see widespread use.

Homemade Vanilla Ice Cream Recipe


•2 1/2 Cups milk, half-n-half, light cream or a blend
•1/2 Cup sugar
•a pinch of salt
•3 Tbsp corn starch
•vanilla bean, vanilla paste or extract

Cooking Directions:

1.Pour 2 of the cups of milk/cream into a pot and put over medium heat. Blend in the sugar and the pinch of salt. If you are using whole vanilla bean, now is when you add the beans and pod to the milk mixture. Heat gently until the mixture is steaming slightly. Then strain out the bean pod.

2.In another bowl, mix the last 1/2 cup of milk/cream and the cornstarch. Blend or whisk until there are no lumps. Then add this mixture to the sweetened milk, whisking frequently and heat until the mixture is almost boiling. Reduce heat and simmer for 5 minutes, whisking mixture as it thickens. If you are using vanilla paste or extract, add it after the mix gets thick.

3.Remove thickened milk from heat and allow to cool (this can take several hours). You get better freezing from using a cooled-down mixture. Once milk mix is cold, pour it into your ice cream mixer and freeze according to the instructions for the mixer. (This step can take a half hour to several hours.)

Monday, June 18, 2012

Monday, June 18, 1934

Aunt Kate and Helen came here. Helen and I went swimming as Grove opened today. They ate supper here.

Act of June 18, 1934
Indian Reorganization Act

The Indian Reorganization Act of June 18, 1934, sometimes known as the Indian New Deal, was U.S. federal legislation that secured certain rights to  Native Americans (known in law as American Indians or Indians), including Alaska Natives.

These include actions that contributed to the reversal of the Dawes Act's privatization of communal holdings of American Indian tribes and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis. The Act also restored to Indians the management of their assets (being mainly land) and included provisions intended to create a sound economic foundation for the inhabitants of Indian reservations.

The act did not require tribes to adopt a constitution. But, when a tribe chose to do so, the constitution had to:
1.allow the tribal council to employ legal counsel;
2.prohibit the tribal council from engaging in any land transactions without majority approval of the tribe; and,
3.authorize the tribal council to negotiate with the Federal, State, and local governments.

Sunday, June 17, 2012

Sunday, June 17, 1934

Didn't go to church or Sunday school today. In the evening Ollie came over. Played pinochle.

Lieutenant-Colonel Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen zu Köningen
(29 October 1879 – 2 May 1969)

The Marburg Speech (German: Marburger Rede) was an address given by German vice chancellor Franz von Papen at the University of Marburg on June 17, 1934. It is said to be the last speech made publicly, and on a high level, in Germany against Nazism.

Papen, encouraged by President Paul von Hindenburg, spoke out publicly about the excesses of the Nazi regime, whose ascent to power, 17 months earlier when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, had been assisted measurably by Papen. In his speech von Papen called for an end of the Nazi terror and the clamoring for a "second revolution" by the Sturmabteilung (SA – the Nazi Party storm troopers), and a return to dignity and freedom. He also stated: "The government [must be] mindful of the old maxim 'only weaklings suffer no criticism'".

The speech made Hitler furious, and propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels attempted to suppress it. Angered by the blocking of publication of his speech, Papen insisted he had spoken on behalf of Hindenburg, threatened to submit his resignation from Hitler's cabinet, and promised to inform Hindenburg of the suppression of his speech.

Papen resigned as vice chancellor;  he would later serve as a diplomat until 1944, and played no further political role.

Saturday, June 16, 2012

Saturday, June 16, 1934

Daddy got a day job over on Garfield.

Salvador Dali and Man Ray
Paris, France
June 16, 1934

Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky) (August 27, 1890 – November 18, 1976)
was an American artist who spent most of his career in Paris, France. Described
 as a modernist, he was a significant contributor to both the Dada and Surrealist
movements; although his ties to each were informal. Best known in the art world
 for his avant-garde photography, Ray produced major works in a variety of media
and was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer, even though he considered himself a painter above all. Ray is also noted for his work with photograms, with the artist coining the term "Rayographs" in reference to himself

Friday, June 15, 2012

Friday, June 15, 1934

NOTE: Ruth did not write in her diary today.

Annie White Baxter
Annie White Baxter (1864-1944)

Born in Pennsylvania, she moved with her parents to southwest Missouri, residing in both Carthage and Joplin. Her father was the operator of a Carthage furniture factory with a better than average income. Thus Annie was accustomed to the good life, a gracious home and the admiration of her fellow students. At Carthage High School, where she graduated in 1882, she was said to be the most outspoken, most aggressive and most commanding person in her class.

Following graduation, she obtained employment at the Jasper County Courthouse and eventually became the chief deputy county clerk. In 1888, she married Charlie Baxter, a dry goods clerk at the R.H. Rose Department Store. In 1890, although no woman yet could vote in Missouri, she was elected county clerk. This was the first time a woman had been elected county clerk in the United States. In that office, she was among the county officials involved in planning and overseeing construction of the present courthouse, which was completed in 1895.

Thursday, June 14, 2012

Thursday, June 14, 1934

Today was Flag Day.

U.S. Flag Day
Poster commemorating the 140th Flag Day on June 14, 1917

It commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States, which happened that day
 by resolution of the Second Continental Congress in 1777.

In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established
June 14 as Flag Day; in August 1949, National Flag Day was established by an Act of Congress.

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Wednesday, June 13, 1934

NOTE: Ruth didn't write in her diary today.

Max Baer
Maximilian "Max" Adelbert Baer (February 11, 1909 – November 21, 1959)
Heavyweight Champion of the World

On June 14, 1934, Baer, after knocking him down 11 times, won by Technical knock out over the massive, 275-pound (125-kg) Primo Carnera, Heavyweight Champion of the World, to win the world title, which he would hold for 364 days.

Tuesday, June 12, 2012

Tuesday, June 12, 1934

Straightened up the house today. Mother ironed.

1856 the Steamboat Arabia
The Great White Arabia Steamship - 1856

In 1856, the Great White Arabia steamship went down, felled ultimately by a snag from a walnut tree in
 the Mighty Missouri River. In 1988, she began to come up, saved by five families determined to excavate
 and preserve her cargo.

The Steamboat Arabia Museum, in the City Market downtown, tells the story of what river travel and westward expansion looked like in the mid-1800s and showcases settlers’ near-perfectly preserved artifacts — Wedgwood china, shoes, boots, clothing, weapons, razors, doorknobs and more.

Monday, June 11, 2012

Monday, June 11, 1934

Daddy called up home (Clay Center, Kansas). Mother talked to Aunt Minnie.

1930s Telephone Home Security
1930s Telephone

The number of local telephone conversations grew 46.8 percent between 1920 and 1930, while the number of long distance conversations grew 71.8 percent over the same period. There were 5 times as many long distance telephone calls as telegraph messages handled in 1920, and 5.7 times as many in 1930. the share of all households with a telephone rose from 35 percent to nearly 42 percent. In cities across the nation, AT&T consolidated its system, gained control of many operating companies, and virtually eliminated its competitors. It was able to do this because in 1921 Congress passed the Graham Act exempting AT&T from the Sherman Act in consolidating competing telephone companies.

Sunday, June 10, 2012

Sunday, June 10, 1934

Today, Kate's and us went to Houston Lake, then to Winnwood. Helen and I went swimming. Had a great time.

George Balanchine (January 22, 1903 - April 30, 1983)

Balanchine was one of the 20th century's most famous choreographers, a developer
of ballet in the United States and the co-founder and balletmaster of New York City
Ballet. He was a choreographer known for his musicality; he expressed music with dance and
 worked extensively with Igor Stravinsky. Thirty-nine of his more than four hundred ballets
 were choreographed to music by Stravinsky.

Students of the School of American Ballet gave the first performance of Balanchine's
 Serenade on Sunday, June 10, 1934, on the Felix Warburg estate in White Plains, N.Y.,
where Mozartiana had been danced the previous day. It was the first ballet that Balanchine
 choreographed in America. The official premiere took place March 1, 1935, with the
American Ballet at the Adelphi Theatre, New York, conducted by Sandor Harmati.

Saturday, June 9, 2012

Saturday, June 9, 1934

NOTE: Ruth didn't write in her diary today.

General of the Army Omar Bradley.jpg
General Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981)

Born in Randolph County, Missouri, Bradley graduated from the U.S. Military
Academy at West Point, New York, in 1915, when he was commissioned into
the infantry. He served along the U.S.-Mexico border and, between World War I
and World War II taught mathematics at West Point.

In February 1941, he was promoted to (wartime) temporary rank of brigadier general
(bypassing the rank of colonel - this rank was made permanent in September, 1943). The
temporary rank was confered to allow him to command Fort Benning (he was the first from
his class to become even a temporary general officer). In February 1942, he was made a
temporary major general (a rank made permanent in September 1944) and took command of
 the 82nd Infantry Division before being switched to the 28th Infantry Division in June.

Bradley did not receive a front-line command until early 1943, after Operation Torch. He had been
 given VII Corps, but instead was sent to North Africa to be Eisenhower's front-line trouble-
shooter. He moved to London as commander in chief of the American ground forces
preparing to invade France in 1944. For D-Day (6 June 1944), Bradley was chosen to command
 the US 1st Army, which alongside the British Second Army made up General Montgomery's 21st Army Group.

President Truman appointed Bradley to head the Veteran's Administration for two years after
the war. He is credited with doing much to improve its health care system and with helping
 veterans receive their educational benefits under the G.I. Bill of Rights. Bradley became the
Army Chief of Staff in 1948. In 1949 he became the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
and served in that position throughout the Korean War.

In retirement, Bradley wrote his memoirs (A Soldier's Story), served on several corporate
boards, enjoyed attending horse races, and was a consultant for the film Patton.

General Omar Nelson Bradley is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, VA.

Friday, June 8, 2012

Friday, June 8, 1934

We got our report cards. My semester grades: History S; English E; Expression S; Gym M; Latin S.

KansasCityBlues caplogo.svg
Kansas City Blues - cap insignia
Class Levels:
A - 1902-1907
AA - 1908-1945
AAA - 1946-1954

The Kansas City Blues are a former minor league baseball team located in Kansas City,
Missouri. The team was one of the eight founding members of the American Association.

The Blues did not field particularly competitive teams unil 1918, when they won the AA pennant.
 The team won again in 1923, and again in 1929. They won the Junior World Series championship
 that year, defeating the Rochester Red Wings of the International League in a best-of-nine series.

In 1936, the Blues became a farm club of the New York Yankees. They won the AA championships
 five times in the 1930s and 1940s. When the American League Philadelphia Athletics moved to
Kansas City in 1955, the Blues moved to Denver, Colorado.

Thursday, June 7, 2012

Thursday, June 7, 1934

Pauline and I went to Irving graduation. She got a permanent. I went to her graduation at Central Junior.

The Scout (Kansas City,
"The Scout"

The Scout is a famous statue by Cyrus E. Dallin in Kansas City, Missouri. It is more than 10 feet tall, and depicts a Sioux Indian on horseback surveying the landscape. The Scout was conceived by Dallin in 1910, and exhibited at the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, where it won a gold medal. On its way back east, the statue was installed on a temporary basis in Penn Valley Park. The statue proved so popular that $15,000 in nickels and dimes was raised to purchase it through a campaign called "The Kids of Kansas City." The statue was dedicated in 1922 as a permanent memorial to local Indian tribes. It is currently located east of Southwest Trafficway in Penn Valley Park, which is south of downtown Kansas City.

Wednesday, June 6, 2012

Wednesday, June 6, 1934

Didn't take any tests today. Just sat around in Gym and then waited for Ruth Ray to walk home with me.

Bain News Service, publisher Augustine Voldemaras
Augustine Voldemaras
Dictator of Lithuania 1926-1929
Succeeded by Antanas Smetona

On June 6, 1934, followers of Augustine Voldermaras attempted a coup to overthrow
 the Lithuanian government. Having already been convicted of high treason in May 1930 and
 exiled to a village, Voldermaras was imprisoned for twelve months as a result of the coup attempt.

Tuesday, June 5, 2012

Tuesday, June 5, 1934

I took my Latin and English tests today. Made an M on both of them. Walked home with Ruth Ray.

1934 Royal Typewriter - Model 10-KH-957

The Royal typewriter entered the market in 1906. It would grow to be one of the leading
brands that would dominate the market together with the Underwood and the Remington.
In 1914 the upright Royal 10 appeared (see above). This was the classic model with
 beveled glass sides that would grow to be one of the market leaders.

Monday, June 4, 2012

Monday, June 4, 1934

I took my History and Expression exams. Made an M on the first and an S on the Expression test.

Storm path for the 1934 Central America Hurricane

The 1934 Central America Hurricane is among the deadliest hurricanes on record. Although
a weak hurricane, it killed 1,000-3,000 people, mainly from landslides in Central America,
and spawned eight tornadoes when it made landfall in Louisiana. The storm formed on June
4 dissipated on June 18, doing $2.6 million (1934 USD) in damage.

Sunday, June 3, 2012

Sunday, June 3, 1934

NOTE: Ruth didn't write in her diary today.

Clement O. Miniger, president of The Electric Auto-Lite Company,
Clement O. Miniger - (November 11, 1874 - April 23, 1944)

An American industrialist and philanthropist, Miniger founded the 'Electric Auto-Lite
Company' (now part of Honeywell) in 1911, acting as the company's president until 1934
 and its chairman of the board from 1934 to 1944.

The Toledo Auto-Lite strike was a strike by a federal labor union of the American Federation
 of Labor (AFL) against the Electric Auto-Lite company of Toledo, Ohio, from April 12 to June 3, 1934.
Miniger was instrumental in settling the strike.

The strike is notable for a five-day running battle between roughly 6,000 strikers and 1,300 members
of the Ohio National Guard. Known as the "Battle of Toledo," the clash left two strikers dead and more
than 200 injured. The strike is regarded by many labor historians as one of the three most important
strikes in U.S. history.

Saturday, June 2, 2012

Saturday, June 2, 1934

Straightened up the house today.

Louise Stanley
Louise Stanley - 1883-1954

With a Ph.D in biochemistry, Stanley worked as a home economics instructor
at the University of Missouri from 1907 to 1911 and as chairwoman of the home
economics department from 1911 to 1923, when she was appointed Chief of the
National Bureau of Home Economics for the United States Department of
Agriculture. While serving in this position, she directed the first national farm
housing survey, which contributed to the establishment of programs to improve
rural living.

Throughout her life, Stanley was a memober of the Food and Nutrition Board of
the National Research Council. She was appointed to the American Standards
Association, making her the first woman to hold an official USDA position. A
National Agricultural Hall of Fame inductee, Stanley Hall at MU was named for her.

Friday, June 1, 2012

Friday, June 1, 1934

Next week we have our final tests at school.

The Night of the Long Knives -
"Night of the Long Knives" - June 1, 1934

Also known as the "Röhm-Putsch", this was a purge that took place in Germany where
 the Nazi regime carried out a series of political executions. Most of those killed were
 members of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary Brownshirts.