Saturday, December 31, 2011

Sunday, December 31, 1933

I got a bad cold so we didn't go to church. Uncle Laten was by. We all went over to Raiferts' as it was New Year's.

Blue Moon on New Year's Eve
Blue Moon - December 31, 1933

The term Blue Moon usually refers to the second full moon in any given month.
It's a rare event.  Since 1900, this has only happened five times...on New Year's Eve 1933,
1952, 1971, 1990, and 2009.  The next time we'll see a Blue Moon on New Year's Eve will be in 2028.

Happy New Year! May 2012 be your best year ever!

Friday, December 30, 2011

Saturday, December 30, 1933

I got some things down at the new grocery store. Went over to Gweyn's. Went to Lindsays' with Mrs. Raifert.

A split Heath candy bar
Shaped as a thin hard slab with a milk chocolate coating, the toffee originally
contained sugar, butter, and almonds, and was a small squarish bar weighing 1 ounce.

In 1913, L.S. Heath, a schoolteacher, bought a confectionary shop in Robinson,
Illinois, as a likely business opportunity for his oldest sons, Bayard Heath and
Everett Heath. The brothers opened a combination candy store, ice cream parlor, and
manufacturing operation there in 1914.

With the success of the business, the elder Heath became interested in ice cream, and
opened a small dairy factory in 1915. His sons worked on expanding their confectionery
business. At some point they reportedly acquired a toffee recipe, via a traveling salesman,
 from a Greek confectioner in another part of the state. In 1928, they began marketing it locally
 as "Heath English Toffee", proclaiming it "America’s Finest".

In 1931, when Bayard and Everett were persuaded by their father to sell the confectionery and
 work at his dairy, they brought their candy-making equipment with them, and established a
retail business there. The Heaths came up with the interesting marketing idea of including their
toffee on the order form taken around by the Heath dairy trucks, so that one could order
Heath bars to be delivered along with one’s milk and cottage cheese.

The Heath bar grew in popularity nationally during the Depression, despite its one-ounce
 size and the five-cent price, equal to larger bars. It was made by hand until 1942, when
the U.S. Army ordered $175,000 worth of candy bars. Hershey now markets the candy bar.

Thursday, December 29, 2011

Friday, December 29, 1933

I cleaned up the house. Baked a marble cake. Mother made doughnuts. I played with Betty.

Sons of the Desert
Sons of the Desert
Starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy
Directed by William A. Seiter
Released on December 29, 1933

 Sons of the Desert is regarded as one of Laurel and Hardy's greatest films. In the
United Kingdom the film was originally released under the title Fraternally Yours.

Plot Summary:

Lodge members Laurel and Hardy take a solemn oath to attend the 80th-annual Sons of the Desert
Convention (read: annual binge) in Chicago. That is, Ollie takes the oath, but Stanley balks. When
asked why, Stanley answers that he's afraid his wife won't let him go. Ollie is appalled: "Every man
must be king in his own castle." But when Ollie meekly brings up the subject of the convention with
his wife Lollie (Mae Busch), she soon dethrones the "king." Lollie wants to take a vacation in the
mountains, and is dead-set against her husband going around "with a pack of hooligans."

 But Ollie is determined to attend the convention, and to that end cooks up a scheme with Stanley.
Ollie will pretend to be deathly ill; Stan will fix it so the doctor will prescribe a trip to Honolulu.
Knowing that his wife can't stand going on sea voyages, Ollie will request that Stan accompany
 him to Hawaii--then, both men will sneak off to Chicago. A few hitches notwithstanding (Stan
hires a veterinarian instead of a doctor, explaining that he didn't think the man's religion would make
 any difference), the boys go to the convention, where they cut up royally with practical joker
Charley Chase.

Alas, the Honolulu-bound boat on which Stan and Ollie are supposed to be travelling is sunk in a
typhoon. While the grief-stricken wives are at the steamship company attempting to find out if
their husbands survived the sea disaster, Stan and Ollie arrive home, wearing leis and carrying
pineapples as "evidence" of their Honolulu vacation. When the boys find out about the shipwreck,
they desperately try to escape to a hotel, but the wives arrive home prematurely, forcing Stan and Ollie
 to camp out in the attic. It looks as though the boys might just get away with their new plan of coming
home at the same time that the rescue boats arrive....until Lollie Hardy and Betty Laurel
(Dorothy Christie), attending a picture show, are treated to the spectacle of their husbands
cavorting merrily before the newsreel cameras covering the Sons of the Desert conclave in Chicago.

The film's final ten minutes are priceless--especially the bit about "ship-hiking."

Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Thursday, December 28, 1933

Mother and I went downtown. I had my hair set. We got some kettles. Mrs. Raifert came over. Played pinochle.

Jacob Loose
Jacob L. Loose
Founder of Loose-Wiles Biscuit

Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Wednesday, December 27, 1933

Mother washed, then I did the ironing. I went over to Sweyn's. Popped corn at home. Got 2 magazines.

Released: December 26, 1933
Reviewed by the New York Times: December 27, 1933
Queen Christina is a Pre-Code Hollywood feature film loosely based on the life of
17th century Queen Christina of Sweden, produced in 1933, directed by Rouben
Mamoulian, starring Swedish-born actress Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Ian Keith and Lewis Stone.
It was billed as Garbo's return to cinema after an eighteen-month hiatus. The film was written by
H. M. Harwood and Salka Viertel, with dialogue by S.N. Behrman, based on a story by Salka
Viertel and Margaret P. Levino.

In this historical fiction account, Queen Christina of Sweden falls in love during her reign but
 has to deal with the political realities of her society. In real life, Christina's main reason for
abdication was her conversion to Catholicism.

Monday, December 26, 2011

Tuesday, December 26, 1933

Don't have to go to school this week. I straightened up the house. Daddy and I played dominoes. He beat.

Nissan Logo
Current Nissan Logo

December 26, 1933 - Nissan Motor Company is organized in Tokyo, Japan

The name 'Nissan' originated during the 1930s as an abbreviation used on the Tokyo stock market
 for Nippon Sangyo. This company was the famous Nissan "Zaibatsu" (combine) which included
Tobata Casting and Hitachi. In 1930 Nissan purchased controlling shares in DAT Motors. At this
time Nissan controlled foundries and auto parts businesses, but did not enter automobile
 manufacturing until 1933, when it merged Tobata Casting's automobile parts department with
DAT Motors. In 1934, Nissan separated the expanded automobile parts division of Tobata
 Casting and incorporated it as a new subsidiary, which was named Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.

Sunday, December 25, 2011

Monday, December 25, 1933

Mother and Daddy came over for dinner. Had chicken, gravy, dressing, cranberries, slaw, cake, pie, candy, etc. I got a box of stationery, a pen, beads. Didn't stay with Mrs. Raifert.

1933 Christmas Seal®
1933 Christmas Seal


Saturday, December 24, 2011

Sunday, December 24, 1933

Mother and I went to church and Sunday School. Had a tree. I went out to Aunt Katie's and stayed all night. Went to the show. Saw the new Bing Crosby movie.

Going Hollywood
Released December 22, 1933
Running Time: 78 minutes
Directed by Raoul Walsh
Written by Donald Ogden Stewart
Released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

Sylvia (Davies) is a French teacher at an all-girl school, who wants to find love. When
she hears Bill Williams (Crosby) on the radio, she decides to go visit and thank him.
However, difficult problems lay ahead when Lili (Fifi D'Orsay) gets in the way.

Friday, December 23, 2011

Saturday, December 23, 1933

Mother and I went to town. Went to the show. I got a few of my Christmas gifts. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

Liberty [v10 #51, December 23,
[v10 #51, December 23, 1933] ed. Bernarr Macfadden (Liberty
Publishing Corporation, 5¢, 55pp, standard, cover by Leslie Thrasher)
Canadian Magazine


  • 5 · Transient Lady [Part 1 of ?] · Octavus Roy Cohen · sl

  • 12 · How You Can Prevent Crime · Homer S. Cummings · ar

  • 16 · Tiny Tim · Mazo de la Roche · ss

  • 20 · The Private Life and Loves of Jean Harlow [Part 2 of 3] · Adela Rogers St. Johns · ar

  • 27 · Her Excellency the Governor · Nina Wilcox Putnam · ss

  • 36 · The Fighting Jew [Part 3 of ?] · Tex O'Reilly · te

  • 40 · When Winter Comes to the Potters · J.P. McEvoy · ss

  • 42 · Tarzan and the Lion Man [Part 7 of ?; Tarzan] · Edgar Rice Burroughs · sl

  • 48 · Happy Days · Anna Roosevelt Dall · cl

  • 49 · Gentle, Glittering, Gruesome · Beverly Hills · mr

  • 53 · Vox Pop · [Misc.] · lt

  • 54 · To the Ladies! · Princess Alexandra Kropotkin · cl

  • 55 · Pig Tale · Hugh Fullerton · ss

  • Thursday, December 22, 2011

    Friday, December 22, 1933

    Rode to school on the pass. Had play at school. Went swimming. I got out at 2 o'clock today. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Elizabeth Ruth "Betty" Grable (December 18, 1916 – July 2, 1973)

    AKA "the girl with the million dollar legs" (they were insured with Lloyd's of London);
     "the quick-silver blonde," "the queen of the Hollywood musical," and "the darling of the forties."

    Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Betty Grable appeared as a chorus girl in her first film, Happy Days
    (1929). She was only twelve years old, underage for acting, but, because the chorus line performed
     in blackface, it was difficult to tell how old she was. Her mother soon gave her a make-over
    which included dyeing her hair platinum blonde.

    Grable got a role as a "Goldwyn Girl" in "Whoopee!" starring Eddie Cantor. She then worked
    worked her way up from small to starring roles, first for Paramount Pictures and later with
    20th Century Fox. By 1943, she was named one of the "top ten movie-stars." Also in 1943,
    her famous pin-up picture was taken. That resulted in Grable being cast in Pin-UP Girl (1944)
    The film received poor reviews, but was a box-office hit..

    Betty Grable died of lung cancer. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame as well as
    the St. Louis Walk of Fame. In 2009 she was inducted into the Hall of Famous Missourians.

    Wednesday, December 21, 2011

    Thursday, December 21, 1933

    I walked to school with Nadine and Pauline. Fred got burned and was taken to the hospital. I stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Flying Down to Rio Poster
    Flying Down to Rio - Premiered at Radio City Music Hall
    Starring Dolores Del Rio, Gene Raymond and Raul Roulien
    Director: Thornton Freeland
    Genre(s): Comedy, Musical Romance
    Run time: 89 minutes

    Plot Summary:

    Aviator and band leader Roger Bond is forever getting his group fired for flirting with the lady guests. When he falls for Brazilian beauty Belinha de Rezende it appears to be for real, even though she is already engaged. His Yankee Clippers band is hired to open the new Hotel Atlântico in Rio and Roger offers to fly Belinha part way home. After a mechanical breakdown and forced landing, Roger is confident and makes his move, but Belinha plays hard to get. She can't seem to decide between Roger and her fiance Júlio. When performing the airborne production number to mark the Hotel's opening, Júlio gets some intriguing ideas...

    Tuesday, December 20, 2011

    Wednesday, December 20, 1933

    I rode the streetcar to school with Pauline. In the evening she and Nadine and I went up to the school program. I stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    New York Times - December 20, 1933

    "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus" - Francis P. Church, The Sun, September 21, 1897

    Virginia O'Hanlon's full name was Virginia O'Hanlon Douglas. She was born on July 20, 1889 in Manhattan, New York. Her marriage to Edward Douglas in the 1910s was brief, and ended with his deserting her shortly before their child, Laura, was born. Virginia was listed as divorced in the 1930 United States Census.

    Virginia received her Bachelor of Arts from Hunter College in 1910; a Master's degree in Education from Columbia University in 1912, and a doctorate from Fordham University. Virginia was a school teacher in the New York City School system. She started her career as an educator in 1912, became a junior principal in 1935, and retired in 1959.

    Virginia O’Hanlon received a steady stream of mail about her letter throughout her life. She would include a copy of the editorial in her replies. In an interview later in life, she credited the editorial with shaping the direction of her life quite positively.

    Virginia died on May 13, 1971 in a nursing home in Valatie, New York. She was buried at the Chatham Rural Cemetery in Chatham, New York.

    Monday, December 19, 2011

    Tuesday, December 19, 1933

    I rode the streetcar to school. I got all M's. Rode streetcar home. Hattie stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr. ((November 4, 1916 – July 17, 2009)
    American broadcast journalist, anchorman for CBS News
    Nicknames: Old Ironpants, Uncle Walter, King of the Anchormen

    Above: Cronkite announcing the death of President John F. Kennedy on November 23, 1963

    Cronkite was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, and lived in Kansas City until he was ten,
    when his parents moved to Houston. There he edited the high school newspaper and was a member
    of the Boy Scouts. He attended college at the University of Texas at Austin, entering in the Fall
    term of 1933. While in college he worked on the Daily Texan and became a member of the Nu
    chapter of the Chi Phi Fraternity.

    He dropped out of college his junior year and took a number of newspaper jobs,
    eventually joining the United Press in Kansas City. He became one of the top American reporters
    reporters in World War II, covering battles in North Africa and Europe. After the war, he covered
    the Nuremberg trials and served as the United Press main reporter in Moscow for two years.  

    Cronkite was recruited to CBS by Edward R. Murrow, and worked his way up
    to anchorman of the evening news. One of his trademarks was ending the CBS Evening News
    with the phrase "...And that's the way it is," followed by the date.

    Sunday, December 18, 2011

    Monday, December 18, 1933

    I rode to school with Nadine. Tomorrow is grade cards. Walked home with Ruth. Stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Sam Stone with his wife, Minna, and their daughters, from left, Barbara, Virginia and Dorothy (Dotsy).
    Sam Stone AKA "The Angel of Canton" Ohio - December 1933
    With his wife Minna and daughters Barbara, Virginia and Dorothy

    As Christmas approached in 1933, the gloom of the Great Depression spread desperation
    in the northeastern Ohio town of Canton, where unemployment stood around 50 percent.

    "I am a girl of fourteen. I am writing this because I need clothing. And sometimes we run
    out of food," Helen Palm wrote. "My father does not want to ask for charity. But us children
     would like to have some clothing for Christmas."

    She sent the letter not to Santa Claus but to "Mr. B. Virdot," who had taken out an ad in the
    Canton Repository asking people to tell him what they needed. He offered a monetary
     gift in return. Not surprisingly, hundreds of people responded.

    Helen was one of many who received a check. Hers was for $5, the equivalent of $80
    to $100 in today's currency value. Out-of-work husbands and fathers, destitute wives
    and mothers wrote to Mr. Virdot seeking his help. Many of them received
    checks as well.

    The gifts made The Repository’s front page on Dec. 18, 1933. The headline read: “Man Who
     Felt Depression’s Sting to Help 75 Unfortunate Families: Anonymous Giver, Known Only
     as ‘B. Virdot,’ Posts $750 to Spread Christmas Cheer.” The story said the faceless donor was
    “a Canton man who was toppled from a large fortune to practically nothing” but who had
     returned to prosperity and now wanted to give a Christmas present to “75 deserving fellow
     townsmen.” The gifts were to go to men and women who might otherwise “hesitate to knock at
     charity’s door for aid.”

    A Romanian Jewish immigrant, Sam Stone had worked his way out of poverty, owning a
    small chain of clothing stores and living in comfort. But his good fortune carried with it a
    weight when so many around him had so little. His yuletide gifts to the people of Canton
    remained a secret for many years, until 2008, when his daughter, Virginia, gave her son a
    suitcase full of letters to Stone and thank-you letters from the gifts' recipients.

    "B. Virdot" was Sam Stone; the alias came from the names of his three daughters:
    B(arbara) VIR(ginia)DOT(Dorothy).

    Saturday, December 17, 2011

    Sunday, December 17, 1933

    Mother and I went to church. Mother rode the streetcar downtown. Pauline and I went to church. Stayed all night at Mrs. Raifert's.

    The Chicago Bears defeat the New York Giants 23-21
    in the first National Football League championship game.

    The NFL's first-ever championship game in 1933 featured its fair share of wild plays.
    Included among them was the game-winning touchdown by the Bears. In a designed
    trick play, Bronko Nagurski faked the run, threw a jump pass 14 yards to the helmet-less
    Bill Hewitt,  who in turn lateraled to Bill Karr who ran 19 yards to the end zone.

    Friday, December 16, 2011

    Saturday, December 16, 1933

    Daddy got a streetcar pass. Mother and I went to town. Got Christmas presents. Met Aunt Katie's and rode home with them. All night with Mrs. Raifert.

    Troost Avenue
    Troost Avenue Streetcar - 1933

    Quite likely one of the streetcars Ruth rode to school and to town

    Thursday, December 15, 2011

    Friday, December 15, 1933

    Rode with Nadine this a.m. Daddy got a job. I went to dentist. Had tooth put in. Stayed with Mrs. Raifert.
    Kansas City Power and Light Building
    AKA KCP&L Building
    Kansas City, Missouri
    Construction Started: 1930
    Construction Completed: 1931
    Height: 476 Feet
    Floors: 34
    Style: Art Deco

    The original plans designed by Hoit, Price and Barnes included a twin building to be paired
     on the immediate west side of the building, but plans were abandoned after the Great
    Depression took a greater toll than expected. As a result, the west side of the building has
     no windows. After its completion in 1931, the Power and Light Building was Missouri's
    tallest habitable structure at 36 stories, until the completion of the One U.S. Bank Plaza
    building in St. Louis in 1976.

    In 2002 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. 

    Wednesday, December 14, 2011

    Thursday, December 14, 1933

    Rode to school with Nadine. We had test in English. Tomorrow night I am going to the dentist. I stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Advice to the Lovelorn (1933)
    Advice to the Lovelorn - 1933
    Starring Lee Tracy, Sally Blane, Paul Harvey and Sterling Holloway
    Directed by Alfred L. Werker
    Written by Leonard Praskins and Nathaniel West (novel)
    Genre: Drama/Romance/Comedy
    Loosely based on West's novel, "Miss Lonelyhearts"

    Plot Summary:
    Los Angeles newspaper reporter Toby Prentiss is continually in trouble with his editor. He
     is demoted to running the paper's "Miss Lonelyhearts" advice column because he missed the
     scoop on a major earthquake whilst out on the town. Determined to be fired from the column
    he starts to give crazy advice to the readers, but this only makes him even more popular.

    Tuesday, December 13, 2011

    Wednesday, December 13, 1933

    Rode to school with Nadine. I went swimming. Friday we are going to have a Gym test. Ate at Dick's. Clara stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Dick's Down Home Cook Shop
    1521 E. 18th Street (18th and Vine), Kansas City, Missouri

    Note the prices:

    Not very hungry 15 cents
    Hungry 20 cents
    Very Hungry 25 cents

    Monday, December 12, 2011

    Tuesday, December 12, 1933

    Rode with Nadine. We went down to the library in English. Went to the dentist. Hattie stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Ace Bailey (left) shakes the hand of  Eddie Shore
    at the benefit All-Star Game held in honour of Bailey

    Irvine Wallace "Ace" Bailey (July 3, 1903 – April 7, 1992) was an ice hockey player
    player who competed for the Toronto Maple Leafs during eight seasons, from 1926-1933.

    Bailey's career came to an abrupt end on December 12, 1933, when he was hit from behind
    by Eddie Shore of the Boston Bruins, apparently in retaliation for a hit Shore had received
    received moments earlier, and hit his head on the ice, fracturing his skull. It was feared that
    Bailey would not survive after severely injuring his head. Bailey did recover, but never played
    hockey again. An All-Star Benefit Game was held at Maple Leaf Gardens on February 14, 1934,
     which raised $20,909.40 for Bailey and his family. Bailey and Shore shook hands and embraced at
    centre ice before the game began. Thirteen years later, the NHL introduced an annual all-star game.

    Bailey's #6 jersey was the first ever to be retired by an NHL team, and is one of only two to have
     been permanently retired by the Maple Leafs (the other being Bill Barilko's #5). Bailey, however,
    would later ask Ron Ellis to wear the number. Over his career, Bailey totaled 111 goals and 82
     assists in 313 games.

    Sunday, December 11, 2011

    Monday, December 11, 1933

    Rode to school with Nadine. Had a test in Latin and one in English. Daddy came after us. Stayed all night at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Special Agent Charles Appel - December 1933

    Harrington Fitzgerald, Jr., a mental patient in a Pennsylvania veterans’ hospital more than one
    hundred miles away from his nearest relatives, opened and quickly sampled the box of chocolates
     from “Bertha.” Perhaps he thought the November 1933 delivery was an early Christmas present; if so,
     it was the last one he received. Fitzgerald died soon after eating the first poisoned treat. As the crime
    occurred on federal property, agents of the U.S. Bureau of Investigation [the FBI’s predecessor]
    investigated. Mr. Fitgerald’s sister, Sarah Hobart, quickly became the primary suspect and so agents
    solicited samples of her handwriting. These samples along with the package’s wrapper and card
     were sent to Headquarters for analysis in the Bureau’s new Technical Laboratory.

    There, Special Agent Charles Appel, a balding, meticulous investigator, received the evidence and
     began to compare the handwriting samples to the note card. He reported that the note from
     “Bertha” and the Hobart samples revealed no match. More analysis could be done, he suggested,
    if the investigating agents would obtain samples from Hobart’s husband and track down the
    family’s typewriter. Diligent detective work led Philadelphia agents to a typewriter Mrs. Hobart had
    conveniently sent in for repair at a local shop. Using samples of type from the Hobart machine,
    Appel quickly determined that it was the machine on which the mailing label on package of
    poisoned candy was typed. Confronted with the evidence, Sarah Hobart confessed.

    At the time Special Agent Appel solved this case, he was the Bureau’s only scientist even though
     its Technical Crime Laboratory had been in operation for little more than a year. But by the
    summer of 1934 Appel had two additional colleagues in the lab, and the FBI began expanding
    its laboratory with the tools and capabilities necessary for solving federal crimes.

    Saturday, December 10, 2011

    Sunday, December 10, 1933

    Mother and I went to church and Sunday School. In p.m. walked over to show. Saw 20,000 Years in Sing Sing. Went over to Mrs. Raifert's. Stayed all night.

    20,000 Years in Sing Sing Poster
    Starring Spencer Tracy, Bette Davis and Arthur Byron
    Directed by Michael Curtiz
    Writers: Llewis E. Laws (book) and Wilson Mizner (screenplay)
    Run Time: 78 minutes
    Genre: Crime/Drama

    Plot Summary:

    Brash hoodlum Tom Connors is sentenced to Sing Sing believing his influential friends will soon
    have him out on parole. A trouble maker, he gets ninety days in solitary and no parole. His girlfriend
     Fay is injured and Warden Long lets Tom visit her on his honor to return. During a fight with
    mobster Joe Finn, Fay shoots Finn, Tom jumps out the window and is blamed for the death. He
    gives himself up but is sentenced to the electric chair.

    Friday, December 9, 2011

    Saturday, December 9, 1933

    Was going to town but Daddy got a carpentry job* so didn't go. Nadine and Ruth and I went up to Perky's. Played with Betty. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    *Average annual construction worker's salary in 1933: $907.

    1933 Rockettes at Radio City Music Hall, New York

    The group was founded in St. Louis, Missouri by Russell Markert in 1925, and originally performed as the "Missouri Rockets." Markert had been inspired by the "Tiller Girls" in the Ziegfeld Follies of 1922, and was convinced that "If I ever got a chance to get a group of American girls who would be taller and have longer legs and could do really complicated tap routines and eye-high kicks... they'd knock your socks off!" The group was brought to New York City by Samuel Roxy Rothafel to perform at his Roxy Theatre and renamed the "Roxyettes." When Rothafell left the Roxy Theatre to open Radio City Music Hall, the precision dance troupe followed and later became known as the Rockettes. The group performed as part of opening night at Radio City Music Hall in 1932.

    Thursday, December 8, 2011

    Friday, December 8, 1933

    Rode to school with Nadine. Mother made my brown dress and I wore it to school today. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Nelson-Atkins Building
    Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
    Kansas City, Missouri

    When the massive Beaux Art Nelson-Atkins’ Building opened in 1933, newspapers nationwide
    reported visitors “amazed,” “gasping at its innovations and marveling at its luxury.”  A great
    central hall over 40 feet tall with ceiling skylights formed the heart of the interior and was flanked
     on either side by two-story gallery wings. The east wing bore the name of the Atkins Museum
     of Fine Arts, and the remainder of the building was officially titled the William Rockhill Nelson
     Gallery of Art.

    Still, times being the Great Depression, operations were modest: only three telephones serviced
     the entire building; lights in the galleries were turned off when people left a room; at opening and
    closing times, a huge bell was rung manually.

    Wednesday, December 7, 2011

    Thursday, December 7, 1933

    We rode to school again with Nadine. Stayed for basketball. Daddy and Joyce and Baby Doll and I went over to Mrs. Smith's. Stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Charles Edward "Buddy" Rogers
    Born: August 13, 1904 in Olathe, Kansas
    Died: April 21, 1999 in Rancho Mirage, California

    Rogers studied at the University of Kansas, where he became an active member of
    Phi Kappa Psi. In the mid-1920s he began acting professionally in Hollywood films.
    A talented trombonist skilled on several other musical instruments, Rogers performed
     with his own jazz band in motion pictures and on radio. During World War II, he served
     in the United States Navy as a flight training instructor.

    Nicknamed "Buddy", his most remembered performance in film was opposite Clara Bow
     in the 1927 Academy Award winning Wings, the first film ever honored as "Best Picture."
    In 1937, Rogers became the third husband of silent film egend Mary Pickford, a woman
     twelve years his senior. The couple adopted two children—Roxanne (born 1944, adopted
     in 1944) and Ronald Charles (born 1937, adopted in 1943)—and remained married
    for 42 years until Pickford's death in 1979.

    Respected by his peers for his work in film and for his humanitarianism, the Academy
    of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences honored Rogers in 1986 with The Jean Hersholt
    Humanitarian Award. For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Charles "Buddy"
     Rogers has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6135 Hollywood Blvd.

    Tuesday, December 6, 2011

    Wednesday, December 6, 1933

    Nadine and Ruth and Pauline and I rode to school. Nadien's father took us. We are having dictionary tests in English. Stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Ulysses by James Joyce
    1922 first edition cover

    On December 6, 1933, U.S. District Court Judge John M. Woolsey ruled that
    James Joyce’s “Ulysses” did not violate federal obscenity law, despite erotic passages
    and vulgar words. The court put forth a new test for obscenity: whether the work would
     “lead to sexually impure and lustful thoughts” in adults. Earlier in 1933, publisher
    Random House had challenged the obscenity ban by importing Ulysses into
     this country. The book was seized by U.S. Customs, and the case was brought to trial.

    Monday, December 5, 2011

    Tuesday, December 5, 1933

    Pauline and I walked to school together this a.m. Mother and I went to the show. Saw "Sailor Be Good" and "Melody Cruise." Hattie stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Great Seal of the United States
    The Twenty-first Amendment (Amendment XXI) to the United States Constitution
    repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had
     had mandated nationwide Prohibition. The only amendment thus far ratified by
    state conventions, the Twenty-first Amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933.

    Sunday, December 4, 2011

    Monday, December 4, 1933

    I walked to school this a.m. as Ruth and them didn't come by in time. Had a test. Stayed over at Mrs. Raifert's.

    On December 4, 1933, Tobacco Road, the play by Jack Kirkland from Erskine
    Caldwell's novel of the same name premiered at the Masque Theatre on Broadway.

    Plot Summary:

    In desolate farm country in Georgia the profitable tobacco crop has given way to cotton
    plantations, but poor planting practices have depleted the soil. The Lester family were
    once sharecroppers but are now poverty-stricken and unable to cope with the bleak life they face.
    Jeeter Lester, the patriarch, lives in squalor with his wife Ada, their two children, 16-year-old
    Dude and 18-year-old Ellie May, and his mother. Ada is suffering from pellagra and Ellie May
     has a harelip. Jeeter and Dude are thin and emaciated, and the family wears tattered clothing.

    Sister Bessie Rice, a stout preacher of about forty, decides to marry Dude, who agrees
    when she promises to buy him a car. When Capt. Tim Harmon tells the family that the house
    and property are owned by the bank, Jeeter is given a chance to earn money so that they may
    keep living there, but he refuses.

    The youngest daughter Pearl tries to escape from her much older husband Lov Bensey,
     but Ada is run over by Dude's car as she attempts to help Pearl. As Ada lies dying Pearl
     escapes and runs away; Jeeter sends Ellie May to Lov instead.

    Saturday, December 3, 2011

    Sunday, December 3, 1933

    Went to Sunday school but not church. I read the paper. Ollie came over and they played pinochle. I stayed all night at Mrs. Raifert's.

    $2,000,000.00 Newman Theatre
    Newman Theatre - 1933
    Kansas City, Missouri

    The site of the Newman Theater was that of the old Brady Building, which had been gutted
     by fire in 1918. It was the largest motion picture theater to be built in the downtown district and
     the most costly theater of any sort to be erected here. It was built on a 100-foot frontage at
     1114-18 Main just 25 feet north of 12th. Newman's other downtown theaters were the Royal,
    one-half block north, and the Regent, 109 E. 12th.

    The architect for the Newman was Alexander Drake and the steel and concrete fire-proof
     building cost nearly $400,000. Seating capacity was 2,000. The orchestra pit accommodated
     a 35-piece orchestra and on special occasions 50 musicians would be employed.

    The interior was "old gold, old rose, old blue and brown." A large mezzanine floor promenade
     was located between the first floor and balcony. Off this area was a nursery for children and 
    various lounges. Each year on the anniversary of the date of the opening, a week's
    celebration was held with special acts on stage, most of them from out of town. A local
     group, the Marie Kelly dancers, appeared one year.

    Frank L. Newman left Kansas City in June, 1925, after 11 profitable years operating his theaters.
     He left to manage theaters in Los Angeles for the Famous Players-Lasky Film Corporation.
    They paid Newman $900,000 for the Newman and Royal Theaters. Many of Newman's
    employees followed him to California. The Newman Theatre became The Paramount.

    Friday, December 2, 2011

    Saturday, December 2, 1933

    Went downtown today. I got a new hat and scarf set and a permanent. Got Christmas cards. Stayed the night with Mrs. Raifert.

    Charles Dillon "Casey" Stengel
    July 30, 1890 – September 29, 1975)
    Nicknamed "The Old Perfessor" by sports writers for his sharp 
    wit and his ability to talk at length on anything baseball-related.

    Born in Kansas City, Missouri, Stengel was originally nicknamed "Dutch",
    a common nickname at that time for Americans of German ancestry. When
    he began playing professional baseball, his nickname changed to "Casey,"
    which originally came from the initials of his hometown ("K. C."), which evolved
    into "Casey", influenced by the wide popularity of the poem "Casey at the Bat."

    Although his baseball career spanned a number of teams and cities, he is
    primarily associated with clubs in New York City. Between playing and managing,
    he is the only man to have worn four of New York's major league clubs' uniforms.
    He was the first of four men (through the 2010 season) to manage both the
    New York Yankees and New York Mets; Yogi Berra, Dallas Green, and Joe Torre
     are the others. Like Torre, he also managed the Braves and the Dodgers. He ended his
    baseball career as the beloved manager for the then expansion New York Mets, which
    won over the hearts of New York partly due to the unique character of their veteran leader.

    His uniform number, 37, was retired by both the Yankees and the Mets, and in 1966
    Casey Stengel was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

    Thursday, December 1, 2011

    Friday, December 1, 1933

    Today was the parade downtown but I didn't go. Walked with Mrs. Raifert down to Mary's sister's. Boiled halibut and stewed tomatoes for supper. Stayed all night with Mrs. R again.

    Make Stewed Tomatoes
    Stewed Tomatoes


    1 can tomatoes with juice (if whole, cut them up)
    1 Tablespoon butter
    1 teaspoon sugar; 2 if more sweetness is preferred
    Chopped onion and/or green pepper (optional)
    1 piece of white bread, torn in pieces
    Salt and pepper to taste

    Place all ingredients in a pan; "stew" on low heat until bubbly.
    Delicious served as a side dish at your main meal.

    Wednesday, November 30, 2011

    November 30, 1933

    I straightened up the house today. Helen, Kate and Laten came over for Thanksgiving dinner. Had our goose Ruby sent, gravy, Irish potatoes, candied sweet potatoes, string beans, cake Jell-O, etc. Exchanged magazines with Helen. I stayed with Mrs. Raifert.

    Charlie Chaplin
    April 16, 1889 - December 25, 1977
    Born as: Charles Spencer Chaplin

    Charlie was born in London, the son of poverty-stricken music-hall entertainers.
    At five he took his first turn on the stage; at age 17 he joined a music hall troupe
    with whom he honed his pantomimic skills.

    On tour in New York (1913), he caught the eye of Mack Sennett, who signed him
     to a film contract. His first movie, Making a Living (1914), premiered in February. He
    made 35 films that year meanwhile developing his character of The Little Tramp,
    baggy pants, derby hat, oversized shoes, and cane. The final touches were applied in
     The Tramp (1915) which made him an instant star.

    In 1919 Chaplin teamed up with Douglas Fairbanks , Mary Pickford and D.W.
     Griffith to form United Artists, for production of their own films. In the following years
    Charles produced, directed, and starred in such classics as The Gold Rush (1925),
    City Lights (1931), Modern Times (1936) and The Great Dictator (1940).

    Over the years he was criticized for his many romantic affairs and for his political leftist
    views. When Charles went to London in 1952 with his fourth wife Oona, he was
    informed that he wasn't allowed to return to America. They moved to Switzerland.

    During his absence from the States he made two more films, A King in New York (1957),
    and his final film A Countess from Hong Kong (1967), which starred Marlon Brando
    and Sophia Loren Chaplin did not return to the USA until 1972, when he accepted
    a Special Academy Award.

    Tuesday, November 29, 2011

    Wednesday, November 29, 1933

    Daddy took us to school. I went swimming. Had assembly. History test. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Posted by Oleander
    Sinti & Roma
    Victims of the Nazi Era, 1933-1945

    A Bavarian law of July 16, 1926, outlined measures for "Combatting Gypsies,
    Vagabonds, and the Work Shy" and required the systematic registration of all
    Sinti and Roma. The law prohibited Gypsies from "roam[ing] in bands," and
    those "[Gypsies] unable to prove regular employment" risked being sent to forced
    labor for up to two years. This law became the national norm in 1929.

    Between 1933 and 1945 Sinti and Roma ("Gypsies") suffered greatly
    as victims of Nazi persecution and genocide. Building on long-hel
    prejudices, the Nazi regime viewed Gypsies both as "asocials" (outside
    "normal" society) and as racial "inferiors" - believed to threaten the
    biological purity and strength of the "superior Aryan" race. During
    World War II, the Nazis and their collaborators killed tens of thousands
    of Sinti and Roma men, women, and children across German-occupied Europe.


    Monday, November 28, 2011

    Tuesday, November 28, 1933

    Daddy took us to school. I waited for Nadine tonight but she had to stay after school. Hattie stayed all night at Mrs. Raifert's.

    hilda gass0001
    Hilda E. Gass - First female deputy in St. Clair County, Illinois

    From the Belleville, IL, Daily Advocate:

    On November 28, 1933, Miss Hilda E. Gass was named a special deputy sheriff for
     economical as well as practical reasons. When women prisoners are taken to the
    penitentiary the law provides that a matron must accompany the guards. Heretofore
     special matrons were named for each trip to the penitentiary, but in the future
    Miss Gass will be the matron as well as a guard.

    In addition Miss Gass will be able to relieve the male deputies in the sheriff’s office by
     serving official papers when they are engaged in the solution of a baffling case. She
    will also be of aid as a detective in cases in which women can gain greater confidence than men.

    Sunday, November 27, 2011

    Monday, November 27, 1933

    Daddy took me and the girls to school. Tomorrow we are to have a History test on Rome. I stayed all night at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Billie Holiday 1933-1937 (CD)

     Billie Holiday (AKA "Lady Day)
    April 7, 1915 - July 17, 1959
    Born: Eleanora Fagan Gough
    On November 27, 1933, 18-year-old Billie Holiday recorded her first session,
     singing "Your Mother's Son in Law" with Benny Goodman. She got paid $35;
    no royalties. The record flopped, but her singing career was on its way.


    Saturday, November 26, 2011

    Sunday, November 26, 1933

    Went to Sunday school this morning. Saw "Footlight Parade" with Pauline. Daddy got me a white rat. Mrs. Raifert was over. I stayed all night.
    Footlight Parade is a 1933 American musical film starring James Cagney,
    Joan Blondell, Ruby Keeler and Dick Powell, and featuring Frank McHugh, Guy
    Kibbee, Hugh Herbert and Ruth Donnelly. The movie was written by Manuel Seff
    and James Seymour from a story by Robert Lord and Peter Milne, and was directed
    by Lloyd Bacon.

    The spectacular Busby Berkeley musical numbers, written by Harry Warren (music)
    and Al Dubin (lyrics) and Sammy Fain (music) and Irving Kahal (lyrics), include
     "By a Waterfall", "Honeymoon Hotel", and "Shanghai Lil".

    In 1992, Footlight Parade was selected for preservation in the United States National
    Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".


    Friday, November 25, 2011

    Saturday, November 25, 1933

    Ate breakfast at Mrs. Raifert's. Walked over to Carlins' with her. Ollie was over. Had chicken for dinner.

    Joyce Clyde Hall (August 29, 1891 – October 29, 1982)
    Founder of Hallmark Cards

    In 1910, Hall moved from Nebraska to Kansas City, Missouri, with little more than two
    shoe boxes of postcards. By 1913, he and his brothers were operating a store (which
    would eventually evolve into Kansas City's Hall's department store) selling not only
    postcards but also greeting cards. The store burned in 1915, and a year later, Hall bought
    an engraving business and began printing his own cards, which he marketed under the
     Hallmark brand name. Hallmark's corporate headquarters remain in Kansas City.

    Thursday, November 24, 2011

    Friday, November 24, 1933

    Daddy took us girls to school. I went swimming today. Went to dentist in the evening, then played pinochle. I stayed all night with Mrs. Raifert.

    Where are the jobs?

    By November 1933, unemployment in America had skyrocketed to over 23%
    and the Dow plummeted to 90, a loss of nearly 75 percent of its previous value.

    In this photo, unemployed men queued outside a Depression-era soup kitchen
    opened in Chicago by Al Capone in an effort to clean up his public image. The
    storefront sign reads: "Free Soup, Coffee and Doughnuts for the Unemployed."

    Wednesday, November 23, 2011

    Thursday, November 23, 1933

    Daddy took us to school. It snowed a little today. Mrs. Raifert came over. I stayed all night with her.

    View From My Studio, Kansas City, 1933
    View From My Studio - Kansas City, 1933
    (c) Fred Shane

    A native of Kansas City, Missouri, Fred Shane (Frederick Emanuel) studied at the Kansas City
     Art Institute in 1923-24. He was with Randall Davey and John Sloan in Sante Fe in 1924; studied
     at the Broadmoor Art Academy, Colorado Springs, 1925-26; and worked in New York, 1926-27,
     where he  met Robert Henri. In 1928 he visited North Africa, Spain, and France.

         In 1932 Shane began teaching at the University of Missouri at Columbia; he was appointed
    Art Department Chairman in 1958, and he retired in 1971. He was on the Public Works of Art
    Project when he meet and developed a life-long friendship with Thomas Hart Benton in 1935.
    Shane showed a painting at the New York World's Fair, 1939, and in 1940/41 made the mural
     Picnic, Lake of the Ozarks, for the Post Office of Eldon, Missouri, a commission from the
     US Treasury. From 1939 to 1944, Shane summered in Colorado, and in 1945 through 1949 in
    California. In 1944 he was an artist-correspondent for the US Army Medical Corps.

         An archive of work by Fred Shane is in the State Historical Society of Missouri. Additional
    permanent collections with work by Shane are the Cantor Arts Center, Stanford University;
    the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; the St. Louis Art Museum; the Abbott Collection of
    Paintings of Army Medicine and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC;
    the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Wolfsonian Foundation, Miami Beach; and the
     Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore.

    Tuesday, November 22, 2011

    Wednesday, November 22, 1933

    I went swimming today. Daddy took us to school. Walked home with Ruth Ray and Nadine. Clara stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Bonnie And Clyde, 1933
    On November 22, 1933, a trap was set by the Dallas, Texas, sheriff
    and his deputies in an attempt to capture Bonnie and Clyde near Grand
    Prairie, Texas, but the couple escaped the officers' gunfire. They held up
    an attorney on the highway and took his car, which they abandoned at
    Miami, Oklahoma.

    Monday, November 21, 2011

    Tuesday, November 21, 1933

    I walked to school with Ruth Ray. It is turning colder now. Stayed all night at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Ad from The Southest Missourian - November 21, 1933

    Questionable Advice?

    “…daily the telephone brings comfort, pleasure, and often money to most of us.”

    Sounds like the "cell phone wars" of today, huh?

    Sunday, November 20, 2011

    Monday, November 20, 1933

    Daddy took us girls to school. I went to dentist in evening. Had tooth filled. Mrs. Raifert came over. I stayed all night with her.

    Baffin Bay Earthquake - November 20, 1933

    The 1933 Baffin Bay earthquake was a 7.3 magnitude earthquake that struck Greenland
    and Nunavut, and Canada at 6:21 p.m. ET on Sunday, November 20, 1933.

    The main shock epicenter was located in Baffin Bay on the east coast of Baffin Island.
    The shaking associated with this earthquake was only felt at the small town of Upernavik,
    Greenland. The 1933 Baffin Bay earthquake is the largest recorded earthquake to strike the
     passive margin of North America and is the largest known earthquake north of the Arctic Circle.

    No damage was reported during this earthquake because of its offshore location
     and the small population of the nearby onshore communities.

    Saturday, November 19, 2011

    Sunday, November 19, 1933

    Went to Sunday School. Mother and Daddy and I took Ollie out to Frankie's. In the evening Mother and I went to church with Betsy.

    Rose Joan Blondell (August 30, 1906 – December 25, 1979) was an American actress
     who performed in more than one hundred movies and television productions for
     five decades as Joan Blondell.

    Joan's cradle was a property trunk as her vaudevillian parents moved from place to
    place; she made her first appearance on stage at the age of four months when she was
     carried on in a cradle as the daughter of Peggy Astaire in The Greatest Love.

    During the Great Depression, Blondell was one of the highest paid individuals in the
     United States. Her stirring rendition of "Remember My Forgotten Man" in the Busby
    Berkeley production of Gold Diggers of 1933, in which she co-starred with Dick Powell 
    and Ruby Keeler, became an anthem for the frustrations of the unemployed and the
     government's failed economic policies.

    Joan Blondell died of leukemia in Santa Monica, CA, on Christmas Day 1979 with
    her children and her sister at her bedside. She is interred in the Forrest Lawn
    Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, CA.



    Friday, November 18, 2011

    Saturday, November 18, 1933

    Mother and Daddy and I went to Sears Roebucks and downtown. Mother and I got dresses. Went down to Mrs. Holbrook's on 16th. Ruth and Nadine were over.

    November 18, 1933 appearance by Tom Mix and his Wonder Horse Tony

    Thomas Edwin "Tom" Mix (born Thomas Hezikiah Mix (January 6, 1880 – October 12, 1940) 
    was an American film actor and the star of many early Western movies. He made a reported
     336 films between 1910 and 1935, all but nine of which were silent features. He was Hollywood’s
     first Western megastar and is noted as having helped define the genre for all cowboy actors who
    followed. Mix's intelligent and handsome horse Tony also became a celebrity.

    Tom Mix has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1708 Vine Street. His cowboy boot
    prints, palm prints and his famous horse Tony's hoof prints are at Grauman's Chinese Theatre
    at 6925 Hollywood Boulevard. In 1958 he was inducted posthumously into the Western Performers
    Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Msueum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

    Thursday, November 17, 2011

    Friday, November 17, 1933

    We didn't get to ride this morning. I went swimming. I bought my lunch. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's all night.

    Duck Soup
    First released theatrically by Paramount Pictures on November 17, 1933

    Duck Soup is a 1933 Marx Brothers anarchic comedy film written by Bert Kalmar
    and Harry Ruby, with additional dialogue by Arthur Sheekman and Nat Perrin, and
    directed by Leo McCarey. It starred what were then billed as the "Four Marx Brothers"
    (Groucho, Harpo, Chico, and Zeppo) and also featured Margaret Dumont, Raquel Torres,
    Louis Calhern and Edgar Kennedy. Duck Soup was the last Marx Brothers film to feature
     Zeppo, and the last of five Marx Brothers movies released by Paramount.

    Wednesday, November 16, 2011

    Thursday, November 16, 1933

    Daddy took all of us girls and Lucille to school. He put a sign asking for carpentry work on the porch rail. I stayed all night at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Front Page Image
    November 16, 1933 - The U.S. officially recognizes the U.S.S.R.

    From the New York Times:

    The undertakings of the two governments were set forth in eleven letters and a memorandum
    exchanged between the President and Maxim Litvinoff, Soviet Commissar for Foreign
    Affairs, covering agreements and concessions completed in ten days of negotiation.

    Subject to the approval of the Soviet Government, William C. Bullitt of Philadelphia, special
    assistant to the Secretary of State, was designated to be the first American Ambassador to the
    U. S. S. R.

    The pact, read to the press by President Roosevelt at his press conference this afternoon,
    covers propaganda, freedom of worship, protection of nationals and debts and claims.

    Tuesday, November 15, 2011

    Wednesday, November 15, 1933

    Mother and Mrs. N. walked to 23rd Street. I ate my lunch in the other lunch room today. Went swimming. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Mickey Rooney
    Born: Joseph Yule, Jr., September 23, 1920, in Brooklyn, New York

    Rooney first appeared on stage at the age of 17 months during one of his of his
    parents' vaudeville routines. His father, a heavy drinker and womanizer, was from
    Scotland, and his mother, Nell, was from Kansas City, MO. Fed up with her husband's
    boozing and philandering, Nell moved with her only son back to Kansas City, MO.
    She then moved with him to Hollywood, CA, and, while reading the entertainment
    papers, she learned about a part for a dark-haired boy to play "Mickey McGuire"
    in a series of short films. Lacking the money to dye her son's hair, she applied burnt
    cork to his scalp for the audition. Joe, Jr. got the role and became "Mickey" for 78
    of the comedies that he appeared in. His mother later decided to change his name (and
    and hers) and Joseph Yule, Jr. became Mickey Rooney. After finishing the comedy series,
    Rooney signed with MGM in 1934. He played several other roles before MGM cast him
    as the teenage son of a judge in the first Andy Hardy film, 1937's "A Family Affair,"
    setting Rooney on the way to another successful film series and a wildly successful
    film and telelvision career.

    Mickey Rooney has had one of the longest careers of any actor, to date spanning almost 90
    years actively making films in ten decades from the 1920's to 2010's. He lives in California with his
    eighth wife and is the last surviving male star from 1930s Hollywood.


    Monday, November 14, 2011

    Tuesday, November 14, 1933

    Walked with Pauline, Bernice, Virginia, Ruth and Nadine to school. I stayed all night over at Mrs. Raifert's.

    Pete Johnson (March 25, 1904 – March 23, 1967)
    American boogie-woogie and jazz pianist

    Born in Kansas City, Missouri, Johnson has been called "one of the three great boogie-woogie
     pianists (along with Meade Lux Lewis and Albert Ammons) whose sudden prominence in the
    the 1930s helped make the style very popular."

    Johnson began his musical career in 1922 as a drummer in Kansas City. From 1926 into the 1930s
    he worked as a pianist, often accompanying Big Joe Turner. A record producer discovered
    him in 1936 and got him to play at the Famous Door in New York. His concert with Turner at
    Carnegie Hall started the "boogie-woogie craze." The song "Roll 'Em Pete", composed by Turner
    and Johnson, was one of the first rock-and-roll records, although there is strong reason to believe
    they stole that piece from Jelly Roll Morton who neglected to register his works, leaving him
    without claim to them. Johnson continued to tour and to play until a stroke in 1958 left him
    partially paralyzed. He died in a hospital in Buffalo, New York, at the age of 62.

    Sunday, November 13, 2011

    Monday, November 13, 1933

    Went to school. Daddy took us kids. Had History test. Graded our English papers. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    November 11, 1933.
    The dust storm (AKA "black blizzard") that stripped topsoil from desiccated
    South Dakota farmlands is the first in a series of bad dust storms that began in 1933.

    The Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms causing major
    ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands from 1930 to
     1936 (in some areas until 1940). The phenomenon was caused by severe drought coupled
    with decades of extensive farming without crop rotation, fallow fields, cover crops or other
    techniques to prevent wind erosion. Deep plowing of the virgin topsoil of the Great Plains
    had displaced the natural deep-rooted grasses that normally kept the soil in place and
    trapped moisture even during periods of drought and high winds.

    Saturday, November 12, 2011

    Sunday, November 12, 1933

    Mother and I went to Sunday school and c hurch. I went to the church in afternoon. Saw The Conquerors. Stayed at Mrs. Raifert's.

    The Conquerors - AKA Pioneer Builders
    Director: William A. Wellman

    Plot summary:
    A newlywed couple journeys west to make their fortune, and begins a banking empire.